of Tirupati is one of the most ancient and
sacred pilgrimage spots in India. The name
'Tirupati' means the "Lord of Lakshmi,"
and should have been applied to the village
on the Venkat hill, the dwelling of Lord
Venkateswara. However, Tirupati is the town
and transport hub at the
bottom of the hill. The hill near the temple
is called 'Tirumala' or the "sacred
hill." The temple here is said to be
the busiest in the world, eclipsing even
Rome, Jerusalem and Mecca in the number
of pilgrims visiting it.
Tirumala is in the extreme southeast of
the southern state of Andhra Pradesh. It
is situated in the Chittoor district of
the state. The Tirumala Hill is 3200 ft
above sea level, and is about 10.33 sq miles
in area. It comprises seven peaks, representing
the seven hoods of Adisesha, thus earning
the name Seshachalam. The seven peaks are
called Seshadri, Neeladri, Garudadri, Anjanadri,
Vrishabhadri, Narayanadri and Venkatadri.
Tirupati is 137 km from Chennai, 258 km
from Bangalore, and 562 km from Hyderabad
(via Kurnool and Cuddapah).
All the great dynasties of rulers
of the southern peninsula have paid homage
to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient
shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram (9th
century AD), the Cholas of Thanjavur (a
century later), the Pandyas of Madurai,
and the kings and chieftains of Vijaynagar
(14th-15th century AD) were devotees of
It was during the rule of the Vijaynagar
dynasty that the contributions to the temple
increased. Krishnadevaraya had statues of
himself and his consorts installed at the
portals of the temple, and these statues
can be seen to this day. There is also a
statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple.
The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle visited
the temple and set up a permanent endowment
for the conduct of worship in the temple.
He also presented valuable jewels to the
Lord, including a large emerald that is
still preserved in a box named after the
general. Among the later rulers who have
endowed large amounts are the rulers of
Mysore and Gadwal.
In AD 1843, the administration of the shrine
of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates
were entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the
Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the temple
remained under the administration of the
Mahants for nearly a century, until AD 1933.
In 1933, the Madras Legislature passed a
special act, which empowered the Tirumala
Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) Committee to
control and administer a fixed group of
temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area, through
a Commissioner appointed by the Government
of Madras. In 1951, the Act of 1933 was
replaced by an enactment whereby the administration
of TTD was entrusted to a Board of Trustees,
and the Government appointed an Executive
The ancient and sacred temple
of Sri Venkateswara is located on the seventh
peak, Venkatachala of the Tirupati Hills,
and lies on the southern banks of Sri Swami
Pushkarini. Lord Venkateswara is also called
the Lord of the Seven Hills. The benefits
acquired by a pilgrimage to Venkatachala
are mentioned in Rig Veda and Asthadasa
Puranas. Here, Sri Venkateswara is described
as the great bestower of boons. There are
several legends associated with the manifestation
of the Lord at Tirumala. The temple has
its origins in Vaishnavism. The sanctum
sanctorum, which houses the awe-inspiring
idol of the Lord of the Seven Hills, is
situated in the main temple complex of Tirumala.
Tour to Tirupati Sri Varahaswami Temple
in Tirumala is to the north of the Sri Venkateswara
temple, on the banks of Swami Pushkarini.
According to legend, Tirumala was originally
the Adi Varaha Kshetra or the place belonging
to Sri Adi Varahaswami. Lord Sri Venkateswara
took up residence here, with the permission
of Sri Varahaswami. According to Brahma
Purana, naivedyam (food offered to God)
should first be offered to Sri Varahaswami.
Pilgrims should visit Sri Varahaswami temple
before Sri Venkateswara temple. The idol
of Sri Varahaswami in Tirumala is that of
Sri Anjaneyaswami Temple is located opposite
the Sri Varahaswami temple on the northeastern
banks of the Swami Pushkarini. It was constructed
during the Mahant's period. The idol's hands
are joined in supplication (in the Anjali
posture). Sri Anjaneyaswami is believed
to be a bestower of boons and a protector
from all evils.
Swami Pushkarini, believed to be a pleasure
tank of Lord Vishnu in Vaikuntham, is adjacent
to the Sri Venkateswara temple. A bath in
the Swami Pushkarini is believed to cleanse
pilgrims of their sins and bestow temporal
prosperity. Pilgrims bathe here before entering
the main temple. Other teerthams include
Akasaganga Teertham, Papavinasanam Teertham,
Pandava Teertham, Kumaradhara Teertham,
Tumbhuru Teertham, Ramakrishna Teertham,
Chakra Teertham, Vaikuntha Teertham, Sesha
Teertham, Sitamma Teertham, Pasupu Teertham,
Japali Teertham, and Sanaka Sanandana Teertham.
Sri Govindarajaswami Temple is an important
temple in Tirupati. It has an imposing gopuram
that can be seen from a distance. Saint
Ramanujacharya consecrated the temple in
AD 1130. The sub-temples in its premises
include Sri Parthasarathiswami Temple, Sri
Kalyana Venkateswaraswami Temple, Sri Andal
Temple, Sri Salai Nachiyar Ammavari Temple,
Sri Ramanuja Temple, Sri Vyasaraya Anjaneyaswami
Temple, Sri Tirumangai Alwar Temple, Sri
Kurath Alwar Temple, Sri Madhurakavi Alwar
Temple, Sri Chakrathalwar Temple, Sri Mudal
Alwar Temple, Sri Manavala Mahamuni Temple,
Sri Vedantha Desikar Temple and many others.
Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple is situated
in the heart of Tirupati town. The presiding
deities are Sita, Rama and Lakshmana. A
Chola king built this temple during the
tenth century AD. The temple of Anjaneyaswami,
which is directly opposite, is a sub-shrine
of this temple. According to legend, this
temple commemorates the visit of Sri Rama
Sri Kapileswaraswami Temple is the only
temple dedicated to Lord Siva, in the pantheon
of Vaishnava temples in Tirupati. It is
situated about 3 km to the north of Tirupati,
at the foot of the Tirumala Hills. The sacred
waterfall called Kapila Teertham or Alwar
Teertham is located here.
Sri Prasanna Venkateswaraswami Temple is
located in Appalayagunta, 14 km from Tirupati.
Legend has it that Sri Venkateswaraswami,
after marrying Sri Padmavathi Ammavaru,
blessed Sri Siddeswara and other sages here.
The temple constructed by the Rajas of Karvetinagar
consists of a shrine for Anjaneyaswami.
Devotees, for relief from chronic diseases,
worship the imposing image of the wind-god.
There are also idols of Goddess Padmavathi
and Sri Andal here.
Sri Chennakesavaswami Temple is located
in Tallapaka village at a distance of 100
km from Tirupati, which is the birthplace
of Sri Annamacharya, the Sankeertana Acharyulu.
The temple was constructed and administered
by the Matti Rajas about 1,000 years ago.
The sub-temples here are Sri Kamakshi Sameta
Temple, Sri Siddeswaraswami Temple, and
Sri Gopalaswami Sameta Chakrathalwar Temple.
Sri Kariya Manikyaswami Temple or Sri Perumala
Swami Temple is located in Nagiri, 51 km
from Tirupati. It is believed that Lord
Vishnu killed Makara, a crocodile, and saved
Gajendra, an elephant at this place.
Sri Annapurna Sameta Kasi Visweswaraswami
Temple is located in the Bugga Agraharam
village, 56 km from Tirupati. The temple
is on the banks of Kusasthali River.
Tirupati essentially observes tropical type
of climate throughout the year. Like most
of the parts of India, the pilgrimage enjoys
three seasons - summers, monsoons and winters.
The summer season prevails from March to
June, where the temperature goes as high
as 45°C. The scorching sun doesn't let
the pilgrims' spirits down and people visit
the shrine of Lord Venkateshwara with enthusiasm.
Monsoons officially arrive in the month
of July, yet the region doesn't receive
much rainfall. At irregular intervals, rain
comes to drench the city and making it all
the more sultry and humid.
Till the month of October, monsoon showers
offer a little relief to the city dwellers.
Rains, along with cool breeze in late October,
make the weather quite pleasant. From November
to February, winters elongates making the
weather conditions somewhat favorable. The
south monsoon winds bring waters and rain
showers result into cool weather. With temperature
reaching minimum of 10°C at Tirumala,
woolens are not required. As per the weather
information, in the evenings, the climate
of Tirupathi becomes really nice and you
can easily enjoy the landscape and scenery
of the holy city.
- Air: It is possible
to visit Tirupati for a daylong trip from
Chennai. There are direct flights from
Hyderabad and Chennai.
- Rail: Direct railway
services are available from Hyderabad,
Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai and Bangalore.
- Road: We would provide
you all India tourist permit vehicles
for the local transportations and also
for the intercity drives too.