The Jama Masjid, another favorite tourist
is situated opposite the Red Fort in the
capital city- Delhi. Built by Shah Jahan,
the Jama Masjid exhibits another Mughal
architectural splendor. The mosque is known
to be one of the largest and oldest in India.
The Jama Masjid is open to tourists on all
days except the prayer intervals. At the
mosque the tourists are requested to open
their shoes and cover their feet and arms
before entering Jama Masjid. It is done
as an act of reverence for the Muslim faith.
The Id-ul-Fitr and the Id-ul-Zoha are the
two very special events attract tourists
and devotees from all over the world.
The Jama Masjid is one of the oldest and
largest mosques in India flaunting the Mughal
architectural finesse. It was built by Shah
Jahan in 1658 to be employed as the emperor's
primal worship site. Situated in old Delhi
the Jama Masjid imposes the Mughal architectural
artifice and introduces the tourists to
a distinct expression of the Mughal era'
and creates another spot of tourist attraction.
The chief architect of the mosque was Ustad
Khalil. Jama Masjid is familiarly known
as - Masjid-i-Jahan Numa which quintessentially
means ‘the mosque that commands a
view of the world'. ‘ Jama' means
Friday – the holy day for the Muslims
and hence the name ‘ Jama Masjid'
Jama Masjid stands on a raised platform
and opens out to the city through the three
double storied gates on the north, east
and south which leads the tourists into
the courtyard of the mosque. The eastern
gate which is the largest was used by the
royal family. Tourists are permitted to
enter the mosque arena through the northern
and the southern gates. The mosque is about
80 meters long and 27 meters wide and 130
feet in height. The Jama Masjid faces the
The roof of Jama Masjid is designed in white
and black stripes of marble and the top
is covered in gold. 25000 people can be
accommodated in the 100 square meters courtyard.
The prayer hall is decorated with arched
marble structures inscribed with detailed
history of the mosque. The floor structure
of Jama Masjid is similar to that of Moti
Masjid in Agra. The northeast part of the
mosque is considered to be very holy because
of the elaboration of the Quran in deerskin
and the relics of Muhammad – the prophet.
The southern minaret offers a view of the
entire expanse of old Delhi marking the
locations of some of the very popular tourist
The summer season begins from April and
ends in the month of June. During the summers
the average maximum temperature is 40°C
and minimum temperature is 25ºC. The
monsoon arrives the city in early July and
continues till the end of September. The
winter extends from late November to February.
The temperature in winters varies between
21°C to 5°C. January is the coldest
month when the temerature drops to a minimum
of 0 °C.
- Air Delhi has an extensive
network of international and domestic
flights. All the major airlines in the
world fly through Delhi and it is easily
accessible from anywhere in the world.
Domestic air links cover Delhi from all
the major cities in the country.
- Train The Indian Railway
with their modern and organized network
connects Delhi to major and minor destination
in India. There are three important railway
stations in Delhi to all major and minor
destinations in India, namely New Delhi
Rly. Station, Old Delhi Rly. Station and
Hazrat Nizamuddin Rly. Station. Trains
run from all the parts of the country
to Delhi. For nearby places like Chandigarh,
Dehradun, Gwalior, Bhopal, Lucknow and
Kanpur, the Shatabdi Express is recommended.
- Bus Delhi is well connected
by road to all major destinations in North
India. The Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT)
is located at Kashmiri Gate, Sarai Kale-Khan
and Anand Vihar. Delhi Transport Corporation
and Road Transport Corporations of the
neighboring States provide frequent bus
services through Air Conditioned, Deluxe
and Ordinary Coaches. Buses from all the
major places in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab,
Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh
and Rajasthan are available for getting
to Delhi. During summer months, air-conditioned
coaches are recommended.
- Airports - Delhi has two airports. Indira
Gandhi International Airport, is 20km
away towards city in the same area. Palam
is city bound Internal Terminal Airport.
Between the two shuttle coach service
is in operation. SBI is the banker of
both the terminals, for hotel's booking
ITDC and serving the tourists with information
is Tourist Booth with round the clock
service, besides there are other arrangements.
Indira Gandhi links Delhi with the whole
world. Flights of almost all Airways of
the World come to Delhi besides Air India.
IAC, Alliance Air, Vayudoot and such other
Airlines serve from Palam to all parts
of the country. They have Airbuses, Boeings,
Dornier and other planes. From both the
terminals, Ex-Servicemen Air Link Transport
Service (EATS) brings passengers to city
at cheap rate. On the way they stop on
request. Delhi Transport Corporation's
buses also bring Air passengers to New
Delhi, Delhi Jn and Kashmiri Gate bus
std. Passenger bus (780) runs from outside
the Airport, Taxis (prepaid) is available.
For Sightseeing, the best season to visit
Delhi is between October to March. Summers
in Delhi are very hot and it is not recommended
to visit it during May, June or July.