India Gate, a free standing arch, located
at the east end of the Raj Path in New Delhi,
is one of the most famous monuments in India
and also one of the most visited
places in New Delhi. Originally called the
All India War Memorial, India Gate is a
war memorial in honour of the 90,000 Indian
soldiers who died during the World War I
and the Afghan Wars (1919).
It was designed by the famous British architect,
Edward Lutyens and the foundation stone
was laid down by the Duke of Connaught in
February 10 1921. The monument similar in
design to the French war memorial, the Arc-de-Triomphe,
was completed in 1931, and the same year
the then Viceroy Lord Irwin dedicated the
structure to the nation.
The arch is a magnificent 42 mt high structure
made of red sandstone standing on a low
base. Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President's
house) is situated at the other end of the
Rajpath and one can have good view of it
by standing at the base of the arch of the
On top of the India Gate, the line "To
the dead of the Indian armies who fell honoured
in France and Flanders Mesopotamia and Persia
East Africa Gallipoli and elsewhere in the
near and the far-east and in sacred memory
also of those whose names are recorded and
who fell in India or the north-west frontier
and during the Third Afghan War" is
inscribed in capital letters. The names
of the demised soldiers who died in these
wars are also inscribed all along the walls
of the arch. There is a shallow domed bowl
at the top of the gate.
Soon after the 1971 Indo Pak War, a shrine
namely Amar Jawan Jyoti (The flame of the
immortal warrior) was erected at the base
of the India Gate to honour all the soldiers
who laid down their lives for protecting
the nation. This four faced black marble
memorial consists of a rifle placed on its
barrel, with a soldier's helmet on top of
the bayonet and the words "Amar Jawan"
(Immortal Warrior) inscribed in gold on
all its faces. It also has four eternally
lighted flames to commemorate their brave
deeds at the corners of the square base
on which cenotaph is placed.
India Gate stands amidst beautiful surroundings
of lush green lawns with a famous boat club
and a children's park nearby. The 2 1/2km
long Rajpath (King's path), a tree-lined
avenue flanked by lawns with orderly flowerbeds
and clipped hedges, between the India Gate
and the Rashtrapathi Bhavan offers an impressive
view. India gate is also the centre point
of many important roads, which are now closed
to public due to terrorist threats. The
beautiful surroundings attract a lot of
people especially during the evenings when
the gate is lit up.
The summer season begins from April and
ends in the month of June. During the summers
the average maximum temperature is 40°C
and minimum temperature is 25ºC. The
monsoon arrives the city in early July and
continues till the end of September. The
winter extends from late November to February.
The temperature in winters varies between
21°C to 5°C. January is the coldest
month when the temerature drops to a minimum
of 0 °C.
- Air: Delhi is the main
gateway city for northern India with a
modern airport. All major international
airlines in the world fly through Delhi.
Indira Gandhi International Airport is
located at 23km southwest of Central Delhi
and the domestic terminal at Palam is
5km away from the international terminal.
Taxi and coach transfer is available from
both International and Domestic Arrivals.
Pre-paid Taxi (a service with journey
fare paid at the booking counter), air-conditioned
and non- air-conditioned coach counters
are located immediately outside the customs
Hall in International Terminal and outside
Baggage Claim area in Domestic Arrivals.
Airport Coach (non-airconditioned) is
operated by Delhi Transport Corporation
(via Connaught Place and Railway Stations)
to Inter State Bus Terminus (ISBT), Kashmiri
Gate and by Ex- Servicemen's Airlink Transport
Service to Connaught Place. The coach
covers all major hotels enroute.
- Train: Delhi is the
hub of the Indian Railways network with
Express trains to all parts of the country.
The city has two major railway stations
in New Delhi and Old Delhi. New Delhi
station is within walking distance of
Connaught Place and Main Delhi station
is about 7km from Connaught Place. Delhi
offers Express trains to all parts of
the country. For the foreigners, tickets
are available at the International Tourist
Bureau (Ph: 011-3346804), located at New
Delhi station. The main ticket office
is at the IRCA building on Chelmsford
Road, Pahar Ganj, between New Delhi station
and Connaught Place.
Shatabdi Express air-conditioned fast
tourist train operates to Bhopal (via
Agra, Gwalior, Jhansi), Lucknow (via Kanpur)
and Chandigarh, provides access to some
of the neighboring tourist centres.
- Bus: Buses from all
the major places in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab,
Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh
and Rajasthan are available for getting
to Delhi. During the summer months, air-conditioned
coaches are recommended. Delhi Transport
Corporation (DTC) operates special services
from railway stations to different parts
of the city.