Gol Gumbaz is the most important monument
in Bijapur. Meaning 'the circular dome'
the second largest dome in the world, after
the St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, is 124
feet in diameter. This architectural dome
houses the tomb of King Adil Shah and was
built in 1656 AD. Legend has it that this
monument was built by the orders of Adil
Shah before his death. It was the desire
of the ruler to build a mausoleum comparable
to the Ibrahim Rauza, the tomb of his father,
Ibrahim Adil Shah II. An equally distinguished
tomb well composite and ornamented worth
a visit. At a distance of 530 kms from Bangalore,
this monumental heritage stands in the heart
of the city.
Gol Gumbaz, the major attraction of Bijapur
in Karnataka stands on a floor area of 1700
sq mts with a height of 51 m and diameter
of 37 m. the walls of the tomb are 3m thick.
The most noted highlight of this monumental
heritage is its acoustic feature wherein
a sound echoes 11 times over and can be
heard at a distance 37 km. The tomb is constructed
on a plain square block with towers on each
corner in dark gray basalt, decorated with
plasterwork. Three blind arches are displayed
on the exterior of the monument. The central
arch on the other hand is wider than the
others and is dressed with wooden panels
with small rectangular entrance and three
rows of arched windows punched through.
One can enter the grandeur from the south
door where a stone (Bijli pathar), that
claims to guard the tomb from lighting)
is suspended from the cornice. This cornice
is a distinguished part of the tomb that
rests on a highly carved stone.
The dome of the building is carved with
elegant petals and the height is 27.4 mts.
The corner towers do not harmonize with
the dome as they look more like a Chinese
pagoda rather than a minarets. They are
divided in seven floors and is crowned with
a hemispheric dome. The architecture of
the monument is essentially Islamic and
has all the trademarks of the traditional
Islamic or Persian style of architecture
The mausoleum is actually just a small part
of the bigger complex that contains a mosque,
a dharamshala (inn) and other buildings.
This famous monument of Bijapur is located
in the heart of the city. Bijapur is an
important city in Karnataka and is well
connected by the major parts of the state
as well as the country. At a distance of
205 km is the nearest airport of Belgaum.
One can get to Bijapur easily as the railway
line connecting Solapur in Maharastra and
Hubli passes through the center of the district,
via India and Basavan Bagewadi. Bijapur
is well connected to Bangalore, Mumbai (via
Solapur), Hyderabad (via Solapur), Hospet
(via Gadag), Vasco da Gama (via Hubli and
Londa). Bijapur railwaystation comes under
the administrative control of HUBLI division
of South Central Railway (SCR).
Bijapur is connected by road to most places
in south and west India. These are: Aihole
(110 km), Badami (138 km), Pattadakal (148
km), Hampi (220 km), Belgaum (205 km), Bangalore
(550 km), Bombay (486 km). The National
highway 13 passes through the district in
the eastern and central parts.
Once inside the town, tourists can avail
taxis or autos. Another exhilarating option
with be the horse carriage (Tingas).
Karnataka might not be called as the best
state in India, but it is certainly catching
up. The credit definitely goes to the stimulating
climate that induces people for a holiday
tour to this state again and again. The
tropical monsoon climate that covers the
entire coastal belt of Karnataka, gives
the state a moderate summer and pleasant
winters. The Southern part of Karnataka
experiences hot, seasonally dry tropical
savanna climate. The north Karnataka experiences
hot, semi-arid, tropical steppe type of
The months of January and February are slightly
cold while summers begin from March and
continues till May. Post monsoon begins
from October and remains till December.
The best season to visit Karnataka is definitely
the winter (between October to February)
where the travelers can enjoy the most of
One can reach Lakshadweep by flight and
ships from Kochi. Lakshadweep Administration
operates ships from Kochi.
- Air: Karnataka boasts
of six airports, which very well connect
it to the rest of the country as well
as important parts of the world. It has
airports in Bangalore, Mangalore, Hampi,
Hubli, Belgaum, Bijapur and Mysore (not
operational). The Mangalore international
airport and the HAL airport in Bangalore
are the two airports that offer international
flights to and fro Karnataka. Domestic
flights like Jet Airways, Kingfisher and
Indian ply between the six airports. International
cities like Sharjah, Singapore and others
are also connected via direct international
flights. The time taken to reach Bangalore
form Delhi is approximately 3 hours while
the time consumed from Maharashtra is
around 1 Â½ hours.
- Train: Karnataka is
also well connected to other parts of
the country through a wide rail network.
Besides, the state of Karnataka also has
an interstate rail network to make commuting
easy within Karnataka. The most important
railway station is undoubtedly at Bangalore,
which is the capital of the state. Bangalore
has 2 railway stations called Bangalore
City and Yeshwantpur. Trains from all
major cities of India travel to Bangalore.
Daily express trains connect Bangalore
to the other major cities of India. Various
daily express as well as nigh expresses
run from different parts of the country.
- Road: An intricate
network of bus services as provided by
KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport
Corporation) connect Karnataka to the
nearby states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Besides, NEKRTC and NWKRTC are the two
other road transport corporation in Karnataka,
making commuting more easier by making
remote areas and other places more accessible
through the road network. National highways
NH4, NH7, NH9, NH13, NH17, NH48, NH63,
NH67, NH206, NH207, NH212 and NH218 connect
Karnataka with Maharashtra, Kerala,Andhra
Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
- Local Transport: Local
transport of Karnataka includes personal
cars and auto rickshaws. A favorite with
the foreigners, these three-wheeled vehicles
provide a cheap and convenient mode of
transport. One can find auto rickshaw
stands near most of the tourist spots
and also at airports, railway stations
and bus stands. However, tourists are
suggested to enjoy the Tonga (carriage)
ride in the historic town of Bijapur.