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Destinatons of India » Agra
About Agra

Tours to Agra is a chance to catch a glimpse of the magnificent world heritage site and the former member of the Seven Wonders of the World - Taj Mahal. Built in memory of Shah Jahan's undying love for his wife Mumtaz Mahal, Taj Mahal has rekindled many a fading romances and forged new relationships by virtue of its picturesque setting. The delicate engravings on the pristine white colossal marble structure, typical of Mughal art at its zenith, built on the banks of Yamuna is best viewed in the morning light, against the setting sun and under the full moon.

The city of Agra derived its present status as the city of Mughal architecture and landscapes when the Mughal Dynasty defeated the reigning Lodhis to establish the foundation of Mughal Empire. Agra became the capital under Babar, the first in the Mughal dynasty to rule India.

Under the successive generations of Mughal rulers, Agra saw the emergence of planned Mughal gardens and colossal structures that today are the main tourist attraction in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Built by Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan, the main tourist attractions of Agra are its many red sandstone forts, palaces, white marble mosques, pavilions and gardens set on the banks of river Yamuna. Some of the popular tourist attractions in Agra are Agra Red Fort, Chini Ka Rauza, Ram Bagh, Saomi Bagh, Dayal Bagh, Itmad-ud-Daulah's Tomb, and Jama Masjid.

Tours of AgraYou can also visit the nearby by city of Mathura, Vrindavan, Sur Sarovar and Patna Bird Sanctuary on your tour to Agra under the Golden Triangle Tours package, arranged by Adventure Tours of India. Excursions to the nearby Fatehpur Sikri are also popular with the tourists. Here, you can visit the Jama Masjid, Buland Darwaza, Diwan-I-Khas, Diwan-I-Am, Skeikh Salim Chisti's tomb etc that were mostly built around the reign of Akbar.
Climate

Summers are very hot and winters chilling cold. The temperature difference between the summers and winters is very high. The monsoon although provides some respite from the heat but the rains leaves the city very dirty. It is better to plan your Agra trip between the months of March and October.

Transportation

  • Air Agra airport is 7 km from the city center and 3 km from Idgah bus stand. Indian airlines operate daily tourist shuttle flights to Agra, Khajuraho, Varanasi and back. It only takes 40 minutes from Delhi to Agra.
  • Road Idgah bus stand is the main bus stand of Agra, from where one can catch buses for Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Fatehpur-Sikri, etc. Buses for Mathura also leave from Agra Fort bus stand.
  • Rail Agra is well connected by railroad. The main railway station is the Agra Cantonment station. Agra is well connected by rail to Delhi, Varanasi and cities of Rajasthan. Trains like Palace on Wheel, Shatabdi, Rajdhani, and Taj Express are the best choices if you want to reach Agra from Delhi.
  • Local Transport in Agra You can travel to different parts of the city using different modes of transport like Taxi, tempo, auto-rickshaw and cycle rickshaw from Taj area. Prepaid taxis and autos from the railway station are available. Prepaid transport is also available for excursions in and around the city limits. Bicycles can be hired on hourly basis from different parts of the city. It is to be remembered that no diesel or petrol vehicle are allowed to ply in the Taj area. There are Battery-Operated buses, horse-driven tongas, rickshaws, and other polution- free vehicles are allowed to conserve the beauty of this great monument.
Attractions in Agra

Located at a distance of 203 Km from Delhi, Agra - the city of the Taj Mahal -- is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the world. One of the eight wonders of the world, the Taj Mahal is known for its unrivalled architectural beauty. As Agra was the capital of India during the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, the city boasts a number of historic monuments in the form of magnificent forts, mosques and tombs. The city is frequented by thousands of tourists every year, who come to take a glimpse of the enchanting Taj Mahal from all over the world.

On your Palace on Wheels tour with About Palace on Wheels, you will visit various tourist attractions in and around Agra. Some of them are mentioned below for your reference.

Taj Mahal

The symbol of eternal love, the Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan in memory of his beloved queen Mumtaz Mahal, who died at a young age of 38 while giving birth to their 14th child. Situated on the bank of Yamuna River, the Taj Mahal represents a fine blend of Mughal, Persian, Central Asian, and Islamic architecture. The most impressive and remarkable features of the Taj Mahal are its four tall minarets (162.5 feet high) at four corners of the structure, the black and white chessboard marble floor and the majestic dome (213 feet high and 58 feet in diameter) in the middle. The Taj Mahal is one of the most visited and most photographed monuments in the world.

Agra Fort

Built by the great Emperor Akbar in 1565 AD the fort is a masterpiece of design and construction. Within the fort are a number of exquisite buildings, including the Moti Masjid, Diwane-E-Am, Diwani-E-Khaas and Musanman Burj, where the Emperor Shah Jahan died while in imprisonment.

The construction of the Agra fort was started around 1565 when the initial structures were built by Akbar. Shah Jahan replaced most of these with his marble creations. Some however survived, among them are- Delhi Gate, Amar Singh Gate, Akbari Mahal and the Jahangiri Mahal.

The fort is crescent-shaped, flattened on the east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the river. It has a total perimeter of 2.4 km, and is ringed by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. A 9mt. wide and 10mt.deep moat surrounds the outer wall. An imposing 22mt. high inner wall imparts a feeling of invincible defensive construction. The route through the Amar Singh gate is dog-legged. The layout of the fort was determined by the course of the river, which in those days flowed alongside. The main axis is parallel to the river and the walls bridge out towards the city.

Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daulah

Built by Noor Jahan - the wife of the Mughal Emperor Jehangir -- in memory of his father, the white marble tomb represents a fine example of Indo-Persian architecture. Enjoying the privilege of being the first marble tomb of the Mughal period, the tomb of Itmad-ud-Daulah must be visited to see its beautiful inlay designs and carvings, which are considered even superior to the Taj Mahal. The tomb is popularly known as the 'Baby Taj'.

Jama Masjid or Jami Masjid

Built by Jahan Ara Begum -- the favorite daughter of Shah Jahan who was also imprisoned with him -- in 1648, the mosque has a unique shaped dome with no minarets.

Akbar's Mausoleum

The mausoleum of Akbar is located at Sikandra at about 10 Km from Agra. Akbar himself designed and started its construction. The beautiful tomb enjoys a perfect blending of Hindu, Christian, Islamic, Buddhist and Jain motifs.

Fatehpur Sikri

Located at a distance of about 37 Km from Agra, the Red Sandstone town of Fatehpur Sikri was built by Akbar as his capital during 1571 and 1585. The city represents a fine blend of Indo- Mughal architecture. The main attractions at Fatehpur Sikri are the Buland Darwaza (54m high) - the largest gateway in the world and the tomb of famous Sufi saint Shaikh Salim Chisti.

Jahangiri Mahal

This is the first notable building that the visitor sees on his right hand side at the end of a spacious lawn, as one enters through the Amar Singh Gate and emerges out of the passage. It was built by Akbar as women's quarters and is the only building that survives among his original palace buildings. It is built of stone & is simply decorated on the exterior.

The most important feature of the edifice are its ornamental stone brackets which support the beams. In front is a large stone bowl which was probably used to contain fragrant rose water. Ornamental Persian verses have been carved along the outer rim, which record its construction by Jahangir in 1611 AD. This elegant, double storied palace reflects a strong Hindu influence with protruding balconies and domed chhatries.

Golden Pavilions

The curved chala roofs of the small pavilions by the Khaas Mahal are based on the roof shape of Bengali village huts constructed out of curved bamboo, designed to keep off heavy rain. The shape was first expressed in stone by the Sultans of Bengal. Originally gilded, these were probably ladies' bedrooms, with hiding places for jewellery in the walls. These pavilions are traditionally associated with Shah Jahan's daughters-Roshanara and Jahanara Begum.

The Taj Mahotsav (grand festival), organized from February 18 to 27, is yet another major attraction at Agra. During the festival various colorful cultural programs of folk dances and music are organized for the entertainment of visitors.

 
 
 
 
 
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