Rajasthan Travel Guide
* Ajmer Travel Guide
* Alwar Travel Guide
* Bharatpur Travel Guide
* Bikaner Travel Guide
* Bundi Travel Guide
* Chittorgarh Travel Guide
* Jaipur Travel Guide
* Jaisalmer Travel Guide
* Jodhpur Travel Guide
Rajasthan Tour Packages
Rajasthan Destination
Rajasthan Wildlife
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About Rajasthan
No more spectacular land exists in the whole world, no more stirring histories are as concentrated in any one region as Rajasthan, where mountains have been thrown up from the burning sands of the desert, where legends have created lakes and polls, where a proud and mysterious people have built forts and palaces, temples, and mansions. Here, where kingdoms once fought over codes of honor and chivalry rather then wealth and power, families still feud long after the last battle has been consigned to the pages of history.

The glorious past called "Rajputana"

History


Rajasthan is the north-western region of India, and has remain independent from the great empires. Buddhism failed to make substantial inroad here; the Mauryan empire (321-184 BC), whose most renowned emperor, Ashoka, Converted to Buddhism in 261 BC, had minimal impact in Rajasthan, However, there are Buddhist caves and Stupas (Buddhist Shrines) at Jhalawar, in Southern Rajasthan.

Ancient Hindu scriptural epics make reference to sites in present-day Rajasthan. The Holy Pilgrimage site of Pushkar is mentioned in both the Mahabharata and Ramayana.

Emergence of the Rajputs

The fall of the Gupta Empire, which held dominance in northern India for nearly 300 years until the early 5th Century, was followed by a period of instability as various local chieftains sought to gain supremacy. Power rose and fell in northern India. Stability was only restored with the emergence of the Gurjara Partiharas, the earliest of the Rajput (from 'Rajputra', or Sons of Princes) dynasties which were later to hold the balance of power throughout Rajasthan.

Whatever their actual origins, the Rajputs have evolved a complex mythological genealogy. This ancestry can be divided into two main branches: the Suryavansa, or Race of the Sun (Solar Race), which claims direct descent from Rama; and the Induvansa, or Race of the Moon (Lunar race), which claims descent from Krishna, Later a third branch was added, the Agnikula, or 'Fire Born'. These people claim they were manifested from the flames of a sacrificial fire on Mt.Abu From these three Principal races emerged the 36 Rajput clans.

The Rajput clans gave rise to dynasties such as the Chauhans, Sisodias, Kachhwahas and Rathores. Chauhans of the Agnikula Race emerged in the 12th century and were renowned for their valour. Their territories included the Sapadalksha kingdom, which encompassed a vast area including present- day Jaipur, Ranthambhore, part of Mewar, the western portion of Bundi district, Ajmer Kishangarh and even, at one time, Delhi. Branches of the Chauhans also ruled territories know as Ananta (in present-day Shekhawati) and Saptasatabhumi.

The Sisodias of the Suryavansa Race, Originally from Gujarat, migrated to Rajasthan in the mid-7th Century and reigned over Mewar, which encompassed Udaipur and Chittorgarh.

The Kachhwahas, originally from Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh, travelled west in the 12th century. They built the massive fort at Amber, and later shifted the capital to Jaipur. Like the Sisodias, they belonged to the Suryavansa Race.

Also belonging to the Suryavansa Race, the Rathore (earlier known as Rastrakutas) traveled from Kanauj, in Uttar Pradesh. Initially they settled in Pali, south of present-day Jodhpur, but later moved to Mandore in 1381 and ruled over Marwar (Jodhpur). Later they started building the stunning Meherangarh (fort) at Jodhpur.

The Bhattis, who belong to the Induvansa Race, driven from their homeland in the Punjab by the Turks, installed themselves at Jaisalmer in 1156. They remained more of less entrenched in their desert Kingdom untill they were integrated into the state of Rajasthan following Independence.

Rajasthan colorful & diversified culture
Rajasthan is famous for its rich variety of colors, languages, folk music and art work.

Language

Hindi is the official language of the state. But the principal language is "Rajasthani", and the four major dialects are Marwari in the west, Jaipuri in the east, Malwi in the southeast and Mewati in the northeast. But Hindi language is replacing Rajasthani. Moreover, you will find English speaking people in all the major cities, and in remote villages also you will find someone who can speak and understand English. But other languages are completely unknown. You may ask Tour Operators to help you on this and they do have guides who knows almost all the languages.

Music & dance

Every region has its own very dialect of music and dance. The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kaibeliya dance of Jaisalmer have international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthan culture. Songs are used to tell the legendary battles of Rajputs. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds, love stories, and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis and often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak, sitar, sarangi etc.

Religion

Hindusim is the main religion of Rajasthan. Other significant religious groups in the state are the Jains and the Muslims. There are many local folk heros and local deities such as Pabuji, Ramdeoji, Gogaji, Mehaji, Tejaji & Harbhuji.

Art & architecture

Rajasthan is known for its traditional and colorful art. The block prints, tye and die prints, Bagaru prints, Sanganer prints, zari embroidery are major export products from Rajasthan. Handicraft items like wooden furniture and handicrafts, carpets, blur potteries are some of the things you will find here. Rajasthan is shoppers paradise.

Rajasthan is famous for the majestic forts, intricately carved temples and decorated havelis. Jantar Mantar, Dilwara Temples, Chittorgrah Fort, Lake Palace Hotel, City Palaces, Jaisalmer Havelis are true architectural heritage.

Rajasthan city information

Brief profile of some important cities of Rajasthan, for other details like places to see, tour operators, hotels, restaurants and other travel information and other cities of Rajasthan click here.

Ajmer

120 km (78 miles) west of Jaipur, was founded by great Raja Prithviraj Chauhan in 7th century. Ajmer is known for Dargah of Khwaja Mu'in-ud-din Chisti (1142-1236) and Ana Sagar Lake. Also known for the famous boarding schools Sophia college (Girls) and Mayo college (Boys).

Bharatpur

175 km from Jaipur & 185 km from Delhi, is know for the Keoladeo Ghana National Park (Bird Sanctuary) and also a halting place on the way from Agra (55 km). The only city that was ruled by Jats. And you can also see the old fort and museum.

Bikaner

In route on your way from Jaipur (330 km) to Jaisalmer (320 km) was founded in 15th century by Rao Bika. Known for durries, carpets, hand painted lamp shades, and mojari slippers. Also for the camel safari and Junagarh Fort.

Chittorgarh

110 km from Udaipur and 300 km from Jaipur was founded by Bappa Rawal in 8th century. Known for the massive fort 3 mile long and 495 feet high. Mirabai, 16th century poet and saint was from here. Also known fro Vijaystambha, Kirtistambha (Tower of Victory), and Rani Padmini.

Jaipur

Capital city of Rajasthan also known as "Pink City" is about 250 km from Delhi, and your starting point for Rajasthan. Founded by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 is famous for Amber Fort, jantar mantar, hawa mahal, city palace & Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh. Also for the textile block prints, semi precious jewelry, handicraft items and Raj Mandhir (Movie theater).

Jodhpur

250 km from Jaipur, also called "Blue City" is second city of Rajasthan. Founded by Rao Jodha is famous for Mehrangarh Fort, Umed Bhawan Palace, museum and handicrafts.

Jaisalmer

275 Kms from Jodhpur, also called "Golden City" was founded by Rao Jaisal. Famous for the Jaisalmer Fort, Patwon-ki-haveli, sand dunes, and ideal for camel rides and safaris.

Mount Abu

190 Kms from Udaipur & 27 Km from Abu, is the only hill resort of Rajasthan. Famous for Dilwara Temples, Guru Shikar, and Nakki Lake.

Pushkar

14 km from Ajmer, is famous for the Pushkar Fair and Brahma Temple and beautiful view of desert at sunset.

Sariska

110 km from Jaipur and 35 km from Alwar is famous for the Tiger Reserve Sanctuary.

Sawai Madhopur (Ranthambore)

135 km from Jaipur and 27 km from Sawai Madhopur is famous for the Ranthambore National Park, Tiger Reserve Project.

Udaipur

420 km from Jaipur on Jaipur-Mumbai highway also called "City of Lakes" was founded by Maharana Udai Sigh II in 1568. Also called "Venice of East" is famous for lakes, palaces (Lake Palace Hotel), city palace, puppet museum, miniature paintings, and temples (Nathadwara 50 km and Eklangji 20 km from Udaipur)

 
 
Amber Fort | Chittaurgarh Fort | Jaigarh Fort | Sonar Fort | Junagarh Fort | Mehrangarh Fort | Nahargarh Fort | Taragarh Fort | Fateh Prakash Palace, Chittorgarh |
Lake Palace, Udaipur | Padmini’s Palace, Chittorgarh | The City Palace, Jaipur | Rana Kumbha Palace, Chittorgarh | Lalgarh Palace, Bikaner | Jag Niwas Palace, Udaipur
Rajasthan Pilgrimages
Brahma Temple, Pushkar | Abhaneri Temple, Jaipur | Osian Temple, Jodhpur | Dilwara Jain Temples | Ranakpur Jain Temples | Karni Mata Temple, Deshnok |
Jagdish Temple, Udaipur | Shrinathji Temple, Nathdwara | Eklingji Shiva Temple Udaipur
Hotels In Rajasthan
Hotels in Jaipur | Hotels in Jaisalmer | Hotels in Jodhpur | Hotels in Ajmer | Hotels in Bikaner | Hotels in Mandawa | Hotels in Devigarh | Hotels in Mount Abu |
Hotels in Sariska | Hotels in Udaipur | Hotels in Neemrana
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Royal Wedding in Jaipur | Royal Wedding in Jodhpur | Royal Wedding in Udaipur | Royal Wedding in Devigarh | Royal Wedding in Jaisalmer | Royal Wedding in Bikaner |
Royal Wedding in Neemrana | Royal Wedding in Deogarh | Royal Wedding in Mandawa | Royal Wedding in Gajner | Royal Wedding in Samode
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